information security and cyber security

Information Security and Cyber Security: Defined and Explored

Information security and cyber security are often synonymous. These two are connected with the computer system’s security.

But there is a difference between the two. In a nutshell, information security deals with the data in general. Yet cyber security only deals with cyber data.

In this article, we will define both terms. We will also help you understand their differences.

What is Information Security?

In simplest terms, Information security protects general data. It also prevents unauthorized use and access.

Moreover, it protects data from attackers. These attackers try to hack or steal data and other information.

These data may include:

  • biometrics (Face ID or fingerprint)
  • social media profile
  • mobile phone data
  • personal information
  • bank credentials

It also covers the three goals of InfoSec. These three goals are the following:

  • Confidentiality
  • Integrity
  • Availability

Your data must be kept confidential. Otherwise, your private information will face compromise.

Your stored data should also be in the correct order. Thus, remove any unauthorized person immediately.

Lastly, your stored data should be accessed with convenience, whenever you want.

Besides, you need to make sure that your information security operations are efficient. You can apply several security policies. It includes:

  • access control policy
  • password policy
  • data support
  • operation plans
  • network intrusion detection
  • regulatory compliance
  • mantraps

What is Cyber Security?

Put simply, cyber security protects computers and servers. It also protects mobile devices, systems, networks, and data.

This type of security is vital to fight attacks from cybercriminals.

Also, cybersecurity is divided into categories:

  • network security
  • application security
  • operational security
  • disaster recovery
  • business continuity

Network and application security deals with securing computer networks. It also secures software and device from threats and vulnerabilities.

Disaster recovery deals with data loss. It also manages to restore the operations of business after an incident.

There are many types of cybersecurity incidents. They are mainly divided into three kinds. Namely:

  1. Cybercrime – which targets financial gain. It usually points to ICT, computers, and networks.
  2. Cyberattacks – which are mostly related in politics
  3. Cyber espionage – the illegal obtaining of private information via cyber
  4. Cyberterrorism – the illegal use of computers and networks. This is harmful because it threatens the loss of life. It can also demand a ransom.
  5. Cyber warfare – offensive use of computers and networks. It can cause damage or elimination between state members.

Cyber security gets more attention than information security. Why? Malware, viruses, and hacking leads to data breaches. So, it is important to put cyber security defenses. Thus, you can lessen the risks.

What are the differences between information security and cyber security?

Now that we know their definitions, what are their differences?

First, infosec protects the information of a user. While cyber security protects data outside the resource on the web.

Also, information security protects data from any threat. Yet cyber security protects the use of cyberspace from cyberattacks.

Moreover, information security fights unauthorized access and modification. But cyber security fights against crimes, frauds, and law enforcement.

Besides, infosec can protect even your file stored cabinet. But cyber security only protects your cyber data.


Information security and cyber security can be a little different. But both are important to your organization. So, view them as a need to protect your data.

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